Research Priorities

Research activities are focused on issues that arise from multilateral integration within the World Trade System, Europeanization and the increasing number of Regional and Free Trade Agreements. The aim of the research questions is to analyse the overarching regulatory frameworks (such as trade agreements) and to examine the resulting challenges for the economy, administrations and society.

These activities are closely connected with implementation, such as the development of leadership and management strategies.

 


Current research projects

Perspectives for the World Trade System: From Multilateral Integration to Free Trade Agreements

The difficulties encountered in multilateral trade negotiations well illustrate the significant obstacles confronting further development of the World Trade System. At the same time, however, Free Trade Agreements become increasingly important. The successful negotiations of the Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement CETA and the Trans Pacific Partnership TPP are recent examples of this trend. Will Free Trade Agreements come to be viewed in the future as the dominant model for international economic integration? This article focuses on the interaction between the World Trade System and Free Trade Agreements and attempts to identify the prospects for the multilateral system in a constantly changing economic, political and geopolitical environment.

(Perspectives for the World Trade System: From Multilateral Integration to Free Trade Agreements, in: Global Trade and Customs Journal 2016 (Wolters Kluwer Law and Business), Vol. 11, Issue 7&8; Perspektiven für das Welthandelssystem: Von multilateraler Integration zu Freihandelsabkommen? Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht EuZW 2016, (Beck-Verlag), pp. 374-379.

 

Counterterrorism, Data Transfers and International Trade

The ongoing developments show the growing threat posed by international terrorism – including to global trade. This article begins by outlining the initiatives being taken by the US and the European Union for trade security. Their success is, to a considerable extent, dependent on transfers of information between the participating states. But what is the effect of information sharing on the security of data provided by participating companies, for the privacy of citizens and, ultimately, for national sovereignty and the rule of law? This conflict, however, reaches even further. It goes beyond the "issue of security" and impacts deeply on the relationship between the US and the European Union.

(Counterterrorism, Data Transfers and International Trade, World Customs  Journal 2016, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 27-34; Terrorismusbekämpfung und Datentransfer im internationalen Handel, Jahrbuch für öffentliche Sicherheit 2016/17, pp. 271-279; Counterterrorism, Data Transfers and International Trade, Russian Journal of Comparative Law 2016, Vol. 7, Issue 1, pp. 4-10, Sochi/Russian Federation; Zwalczanie terroryzmu i wymiana danych w handlu międzynarodowym, Monitor Prawa Celnego Podatkowego, Taxation and Customs Law Monitor, Rok XXI nr 4 (250)/ 2016, kwiecień /april 2016, str. 141-146, Warsaw/Polan)

 

Leadership and Management Development: Meeting the Challenges of Economic Integration:

There is currently a lively discussion underway over free trade agreements, including examples such as the TTIP between the US and the EU or the agreements within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy. Each of the parties is faced with high demands in the negotiations. These are concerned with the enforcement of important "national interests" and the preservation of state sovereignty, with the environment and consumer protection, with broad scale social issues and finally, with "fair and just solutions" for those involved.

However, there is an entirely different issue, which is much less in the public eye. This concerns what happens after the agreements have been negotiated and then adopted in the Member States. Ultimately, the success of economic integration agreements is dependant not only on their substantive content. An equally important question concerns the actual willingness of the parties, and how successful they will be in taking on and integrating the relevant provisions into their legal, economic and administrative practice. The challenge of implementation was inadequately taken into account in the past. In the current debate, it is gradually gaining the position of importance it actually deserves. The contribution argues that economic integration requires processes of change. This calls for a complex knowledge management system, in particular for the development of leadership and management. Corresponding approaches are presented in this work and then illustrated with relevant examples.

(Leadership and Management Development: Meeting the Challenges of Economic Integration, Global Trade and Customs Journal 2015, Vol. 10, Issue 7&8, pp. 258-266; Wirtschaftliche Integration stärken – Veränderung gestalten: Wissensmanagement in europäischer und internationaler Perspektive, in: Grieger/Stember, Wissensmanagement in öffentlichen Verwaltungen, Schriftenreihe der Hochschule Harz “Forschungsbeiträge zum Public Management” (Band 9) 2015, pp. 347-368)